The Historic Masterpieces Exhibition
On May 27, the Historic Masterpieces exhibition featuring the Azerbaijani and Oriental Collection of the Georgian National Museum launched at the Heydar Aliyev Center.
The display presents about 300 unique artifacts. The three sections include the ancient Azerbaijani artworks dating back to the Gajar Dynasty, pictures and utensils from the Sardar Palace of Iravan Khanate, as well as photos from the archive of Dmitri Yermakov, a recognized Russian photographer of his time.
Majority of artifacts pertaining the Gajar epoch are the worldwide renowned canvases, miniatures, ceramic and metal works, textiles and rugs related to the reign of Fatali-Shah. Aware of the strong impact of visual arts, Fatali-Shah frequently resorted to architecture, figurative and decorative arts to manifest his power and accomplishments. The ruler’s portrait is among the exhibits presented.
The exhibition also presents six oil canvases dating back to the 19th century by Mirza Qadim Iravani, the founding father of the panel painting genre in Azerbaijan whose ornaments and portraits were instrumental in boosting the Azerbaijani visual art. The unique paintings surviving the demolition of the Iravan Khanate’s Palace by the Armenian authorities include portraits of Shah Gajar, rulers of Iravan Khanate along with the Oriental epic heroes.
Mirza Gadim Iravani is renowned for his embroidery stencils, murals, jewellery, glazed and glass paintings. He was the one who, back in the mid-19th century, restored the remaining original pieces of Iravan Khanate’s Sardar Palace and repainted ceramic tiles adorning the palatial mosque and the Palace’s décor.
The display features elements of traditional costume and accessories, as well as fragments of furniture, utensils and other household items of the Azerbaijani residents of Iravan Khanate and modern Armenia discovered among the Sardar Palace’s archaeological remnants. The exhibits reveal the day-to-day life of their period and convey the message of the Palace’s architectural style.
The exhibition also presents the photographic collection by Dmitri Yermakov, a military surveyor and a participant of the Russian-Ottoman War of 1877-1878. Upon the completion of the war, Yermakov was running a photo studio in Tbilisi. He travelled throughout the Caucasus extensively and was involved in a number of archaeological expeditions. This resulted in a detailed photographic collection depicting the process of the destruction of the unique landmarks in the Citadel of Iravan, such as the Sardar Palace, mosques, caravanserais and other historical sites once featuring Iravan’s historic nucleus.
The Exhibition will run till April 5 in 2020.